Air quality is an issue of major concern to Balkan Med countries and Europe in general. Currently the primary responsibility for complying and monitoring of the air quality is assigned to respective environmental ministries and agencies, although it is evident that all public bodies, , must take coherent proactive measures to secure clean air. Information availability and understanding of air quality is an essential prerequisite for its efficient management. Air pollution has been one of the first environmental problems to be addressed by the EU considering that clean air is essential to good health and a basic human need.
Worldwide, bad outdoor air caused an estimated 4.2 million premature deaths in 2016 according to the World Health Organization.
Source: World Health Organization (WHO)
Outdoor air pollution is produced both from natural but mostly anthropogenic sources.
Anthropogenic sources include:
The pollutants with the most adverse health effects are: