BACKPACK ID is an innovative intervention for promoting the inclusion of refugee children at school in 4 European countries (Greece and Italy, Germany and Sweden), which are met with acute and very diverse challenges by the ongoing refugee crisis. Informed by these differences, the present approach on social inclusion advances a common account of social inclusion challenges; it sees the social inclusion of refugee children as a function of addressing the needs and perspectives of those children and their families, and local communities and stakeholders, while affirming common European values. BACKPACK ID aims at promoting the inclusion of refugee children and adolescents (aged 10-15) at school-wide level, while fostering harmonious inter-group relations in local communities. It also aims at empowering all students, both newcomers and majority-group members, and places emphasis on students’ own multiple group memberships and multiple skills and assets.